Sleeve Gastrectomy (the Sleeve)

Gastric Sleeve Procedure: Effective Bariatric Surgery for Weight Loss, showing the reduction of stomach size to promote health and well-being.

Sleeve Gastrectomy, often referred to simply as "the sleeve," is a transformative surgical weight loss option that significantly reduces the size of the stomach. By removing approximately 75-80% of the stomach and shaping the remainder into a slender sleeve, this procedure effectively limits food consumption and triggers substantial weight loss.

Rising Popularity: The growing preference for Sleeve Gastrectomy among weight loss surgeries is attributed to its minimally invasive approach and the significant, life-changing results it delivers. Its ability to offer a healthier, more active life has made it a top choice for individuals seeking to overcome obesity and its associated challenges.

Mechanism of Action: Beyond simply restricting food intake, Sleeve Gastrectomy induces beneficial hormonal changes that aid in weight reduction. These hormonal adjustments not only help diminish appetite but also positively affect various obesity-related metabolic conditions, enhancing overall health.

Beyond Weight Loss: The impact of Sleeve Gastrectomy extends far beyond shedding pounds. It plays a crucial role in improving, and in some cases resolving, chronic health issues such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and sleep apnea. These health benefits contribute to a significantly improved quality of life for patients.

A Commitment to Improved Life: Embracing Sleeve Gastrectomy is embracing change. It's a commitment to improved health, requiring adherence to a healthier lifestyle post-surgery. This journey, while challenging, is profoundly rewarding, offering a path to reclaim control over one's health and well-being.

Eligibility for Sleeve Gastrectomy: Candidates for sleeve gastrectomy typically include individuals with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or higher (indicating extreme obesity) or those with a BMI of 35 to 39.9 (obesity) who also suffer from serious weight-related health problems like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or severe sleep apnea. In some cases, individuals with a BMI of 30 to 34 and serious weight-related health issues may also qualify for the surgery.

Research Insights on Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve Gastrectomy, a significant surgical intervention for weight loss, has been extensively studied, with research underscoring its efficacy and broad impact on health beyond mere weight reduction. Here's a closer look at the findings:

  • Weight Loss Outcomes: Patients typically experience significant weight loss post-surgery, losing around 60% of excess weight. This level of reduction is closely linked to adherence to post-operative dietary and lifestyle recommendations, including smart food choices and regular exercise.
  • Health Benefits: Beyond weight loss, Sleeve Gastrectomy has been shown to induce positive hormonal changes, which can help alleviate or resolve conditions associated with obesity, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obstructive sleep apnea, and more. A notable decrease in the hunger hormone ghrelin leads to reduced appetite, aiding in weight management.
  • Comparison with Other Bariatric Procedures: Research comparing Sleeve Gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) reveals no significant difference in terms of weight loss outcomes and improvement in comorbidities. However, RYGB might lead to a slightly better improvement in metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • Metabolic and Physiological Effects: Sleeve Gastrectomy is recognized not only for its physical restrictions on food intake but also for its metabolic benefits. It affects gut hormones and the gut-brain axis, which contributes to sustained weight loss and decreased appetite. The procedure's impact on the microbiota also plays a role in appetite regulation and metabolic improvements.
  • Long-term Health Improvements: Patients undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy have reported long-term maintenance of weight loss, improvements in physical and mental health conditions, and an increase in quality of life. Improvements have been observed in lipid profiles, insulin sensitivity, and inflammatory markers, indicating broader health benefits than weight loss alone.
  • Risks and Considerations: Despite its benefits, Sleeve Gastrectomy, like any surgical procedure, carries risks. Immediate surgical risks include bleeding, infection, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Long-term considerations include the potential for nutrient deficiencies due to reduced food intake and the irreversible nature of the procedure.

Understanding Sleeve Gastrectomy: Procedure Insights and Weight Loss Journey

The sleeve gastrectomy procedure, often performed laparoscopically, typically takes about 60 to 90 minutes to complete. This surgical approach involves making small incisions in the abdomen, through which surgical instruments are inserted to remove approximately 75% to 80% of the stomach, leaving it shaped like a slim tube or "sleeve." This reduction significantly limits the stomach's food capacity, aiding in substantial weight loss.

On the day of surgery, patients are administered general anesthesia, which keeps them unconscious and free from pain throughout the procedure. The laparoscopic method used in this surgery is less invasive than traditional open surgeries, leading to less post-operative pain, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery times. Typically, a hospital stay of one to two nights is required after the surgery, allowing healthcare professionals to monitor the patient's initial recovery and address any immediate needs following the operation.

a person weigting themselves on the scales before the bariatric surgery

This approach, supported by advancements in laparoscopic technology, facilitates effective surgery with an emphasis on patient safety and reducing discomfort. Patients undergoing this procedure should be prepared for a short hospital stay and be informed about the post-operative care necessary for a smooth recovery process and successful surgical outcome.

 Here's a more detailed breakdown of how it's done:

  1. Preparation and Anesthesia: Initially, the patient is put under general anesthesia to ensure they're asleep and pain-free throughout the procedure.
  2. Making the Incisions: The surgeon begins by making a few small incisions in the upper abdomen. These incisions are typically less than an inch long and serve as portals for inserting the laparoscope and other specialized surgical tools.
  3. Inserting the Laparoscope: A laparoscope, a slender tool equipped with a camera and light, is inserted through one of the incisions. This device projects images onto a monitor, giving the surgeon a clear view of the patient's abdomen.
  4. Removing Part of the Stomach: Using other instruments inserted through the remaining incisions, the surgeon proceeds to remove about 80% of the stomach. This portion of the stomach is the outer curved part, leaving behind a tubular "sleeve" shaped stomach.
  5. Forming the Sleeve: The newly formed sleeve is about the size and shape of a banana. It is created by stapling the stomach vertically and removing the excised portion of the stomach from the body.
  6. Finalizing the Procedure: After ensuring the sleeve is secure and there are no leaks from the staple line, the surgeon withdraws the instruments. The small incisions are then closed with sutures, surgical glue, or staples.

This laparoscopic approach reduces stomach capacity and minimizes surgical trauma, leading to fewer complications, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times compared to open surgery.

Anatomical Changes

The reshaping of the stomach to a "sleeve" drastically changes how much food it can hold. From a large pouch, the stomach becomes more like a narrow tube, which fills up quickly with a small amount of food, promoting early satiety and reducing calorie intake. These physical changes also impact the patient's approach to meals, encouraging smaller, more nutritious choices.

Impact on Hunger and Appetite

One of the most remarkable effects of sleeve gastrectomy is its impact on ghrelin, known as the "hunger hormone." By removing the part of the stomach that produces the majority of ghrelin, patients experience a significant reduction in hunger. This decrease in appetite aids in weight loss and helps patients adjust to a healthier lifestyle with less effort.

Food Intake and Digestion

Post-surgery, the reduced stomach size means patients can consume only small portions at a time. This limitation necessitates a focus on nutrient-rich foods to meet daily nutritional needs. Patients learn to eat slowly, chew thoroughly, and recognize the early signs of fullness to avoid discomfort.

Nutritional Absorption

The sleeve gastrectomy procedure is mainly designed to limit the amount of food that can be consumed, but it can also impact nutrient absorption. Therefore, patients are recommended to maintain a healthy and balanced diet, and they may also require vitamin and mineral supplements to avoid any deficiencies and ensure their bodies receive all the necessary nutrients for proper functioning.

Expected Weight Loss

After undergoing sleeve gastrectomy, patients usually experience a considerable reduction in their excess weight. Evidence suggests that it is possible to lose 60% or more of the excess weight within the first two years of the surgery. However, the key to success in weight loss and maintaining it long-term is strictly following dietary guidelines, engaging in regular physical activity, and adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Psychological Effects

Undergoing sleeve gastrectomy can have profound psychological benefits, including improved self-esteem, body image, and emotional well-being. However, patients must receive support in adjusting to their new body and lifestyle, addressing any emotional challenges that arise during their weight loss journey.

Lifestyle Adjustments Required

To ensure the success of sleeve gastrectomy, patients must commit to significant lifestyle changes. This includes adopting a healthy diet, engaging in regular exercise, and attending follow-up appointments with healthcare providers. Embracing these changes is essential for achieving and maintaining weight loss and improving overall health.

Comparison with Other Procedures

Compared to other bariatric surgeries like the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or the adjustable gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy offers a simpler anatomical alteration with no foreign objects placed in the body and no rerouting of the intestines. It's a permanent solution that provides a balance between effectiveness and invasiveness, making it a preferred choice for many patients.

Sleeve gastrectomy is recognized as an effective procedure for significant weight loss and enhancing health outcomes. For individuals contemplating this surgery from outside the country, comprehending the details of the procedure, its impact, and the necessary lifestyle adjustments is crucial for ensuring a favorable outcome. Armed with comprehensive information, patients are better positioned to decide if sleeve gastrectomy aligns with their health objectives and requirements.

Read Next Ultimate Guide For Bariatric Surgery Abroad

Providers that provide Sleeve Gastrectomy (the Sleeve) Service

Providers Score Reviews Location
Lokman Hekim Health Group
30 Turkey
Dr. Islam Abdelkhalek clinic
27 Egypt
Assuta Hospital
1 Israel
International Modern Hospital
1 United Arab Emirates
Sinaiclinic Hospital
1 Egypt
Spire Elland Hospital
1 United Kingdom
Athens Vita Veritas
1 Greece
Hospital Dr. Lopez Cano, Cadiz (Spain)
2 Spain
Vithas Xanit International Hospital
6 Spain
Adroit Centre for Digestive and Obesity Surgery
Not Rated
0 India
Allure Medspa
Not Rated
0 India
Not Rated
0 Turkey
Health and Beauty Turkey
Not Rated
0 Turkey
Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals Delhi
Not Rated
0 India
İzmir Ekol Hospital
Not Rated
0 Turkey
Laser Clinics France Ltd
Not Rated
0 France
Obesity Free, Monterrey
Not Rated
0 Mexico
Not Rated
0 Moldova
Smart Esthetique
Not Rated
0 Tunisia
Cevre Hospital
Not Rated
1 Turkey