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Dentistry

Dentistry is a science concerned with studying, diagnosing, preventing and treating different conditions of the oral cavity, and of related structures. 

Dental specialties include:

  • Dental public health - the science of preventing, controlling diseases and promoting dental health by various dental health education tools. It also studies dental epidemiology.
  • Endodontics - also called root canal therapy is a dentistry branch that studies and treats the dental pulp. It focuses on saving as much tooth as possible. It includes: 
    • Endodontic therapy (root canal therapy) –the treatment of an infected pulp by removing the infection and protecting the decontaminated tooth from further infections;
    • Endodontic retreatment -  endodontic therapy performed on a tooth that had a previous root canal treatment;
    • Cracked tooth syndrome treatment - The treatment’s goal is to prevent movement of the segments of a cracked tooth that has not completely broken off yet and prevent the crack to propagate - core buildup or crown restoration.
    • Dental trauma – tooth injury that may also affect the gums, ligaments, alveolar bone, and the soft tissue surrounding the tooth. Depending on the type of injury/trauma, the treatment may be very exhaustive.
  • Oral and maxillofacial pathology – is the dentistry and pathology branch that is concerned with studying, researching, diagnosing and managing oral and maxillofacial diseases.
  • Oral and maxillofacial radiology - the study and radiologic diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases;
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery (aka OMF) - surgical treatment of oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region related diseases and anomalies. Surgical procedures include: Dentoalveolar surgery - difficult tooth extractions, bone grafting or preprosthetic surgery before implant, dentures or other dental placements;
    • Corrective jaw surgery - treatment for sleep apnea, genioplasty, maxillomandibular advancement;
    • Head and neck cosmetic surgery - facelift, browlift, rhinoplasty, septoplasty, cheek/chin augmentation, otoplasty, blepharoplasty, oculoplastics, neck liposuction, lip enhancement, injectable cosmetic procedures etc.
    • Diagnostics and treatment of other maxillofacial region pathology.       
    • Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics – dentistry branch that diagnoses, prevents and corrects the malocclusion/ malpositioned teeth and jaw. Orthodontics treats the following:
      • Overbite (buck teeth) the upper front teeth lie too forward over the lower teeth;
      • Under-bite (‘bulldog’ appearance) the lower teeth are too forward over the upper teeth;
      • Open bite - space between the biting surfaces of the front or side teeth;
      • Cross-bite - when the upper teeth does not come in front of the lower teeth, as it should when biting; 
      • Misplaced midline - when the center of the upper and lower front teeth do not line up together;
      • Spacing - gaps between the teeth;
      • Crowding - too many teeth for the dental arcade.

Orthodontic

Orthodontic treatments include both fixed and removable devices:

  • Braces - a fixed device that consists of a band, wires and/or brackets. Bands are fixed around the teeth, brackets are bonded to the front of the tooth and wires are attached to the bands and passed through the brackets. The arch get tightened, the teeth are pressured and moved them to their proper position;
  • Aligners - removable tight-fixed retainers that don’t include wires around the teeth. The aligners could be invisible and is a more esthetic option of correcting the positioning of the teeth. 
  • Lip and cheek bumpers – is a removable device that keeps the cheeks or lips away from the teeth, to relieve the pressure;
  • Palatal expander – is a removable appliance that looks like a plastic plate which fits over the roof of the mouth. The pressure applied by special screws is used to widen the arch of the upper jaw;
  • Headgear - a device that is placed around the back of the head and attached to the front of the teeth by a wire, slowing the upper jaw growth while holding the back teeth in their place, and the front teeth being pulled back.
  • Pediatric dentistry - a dentistry branch that provides both preventive and therapeutic oral health services for children.

Periodontics

The branch of dentistry that aims to treat the gums, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, cementum and other periodontal tissues.

  • Gingivitis - gum inflammation that, due to so called dental plaque (a collection of bacteria around the teeth), causes redness, swollen gums that could easily bleed. The discomfort at this stage is minimal. With proper oral hygiene, teeth brushing, flossing, and, in some cases, professional treatment you can prevent advanced gum diseases;
  • Periodontitis - a more severe form of gum inflammation that can advance from untreated gingivitis. The bacteria-filled plaque that deposits on the teeth and gums causes gum inflammations that lead to decreased alveolar bone tissue, which in turn leads to pocket formation (space between the teeth and gum after the bone recedes). As a result the tooth becomes loose, and if remains untreated - may be lost.
  • Gum diseases can be treated by your dental hygienist using ultrasonic scaling device to remove plaque, tartar and food remains below the gum line. If this treatment is not sufficient you may need gum surgery such as gingival flap surgery, gingivectomy or gingivoplasty.

Prosthodontics

Aka dental prosthetics is a dentistry branch that focuses on dental prostheses used to reconstruct oral flaws such as missing teeth, parts or an entire tooth, and missing structures of the palate and jaw. 

  • Dentures - removable set of artificial teeth that closely resemble natural teeth and gum tissue. It can replace all the teeth or partially filling in the space created by one ore few missing teeth;
  • Palatal obturator - prosthesis that closes a soft/hard palate defect, usually it is temporary, until the patient is ready for the reconstructive surgery.
  • Dental implant - a titanium substitute for the root of the tooth that is surgically implanted into the jawbone on top of which a replacement tooth or bridge is mounted.
  • Crown - a fixed dental prosthetic device which covers a damaged tooth or completely encircles an implant, giving it the appearance of a natural tooth.
  • Bridge - a fixed dental prosthetic device used to replace a missing tooth or several teeth by joining the artificial tooth/teeth to adjoining teeth or dental implants.
     

Dentistry Related Services

Endodontic Therapy

Definition: A procedure in which the doctor removes the infected and damaged pulp tissue from within the tooth and then fills the root canals with a special biocompatible material. The tooth consists of a superficial layer called enamel, under which is the dentin (the hard layer), that covers the...Read more

Regenerative Endodontics

Definition: a series of biologically based procedures designed to restore damaged tooth structures such as dentin (the hard layer of the tooth, found under the enamel), the root and other cells of the pulp-dentin tissue. This procedure is based on the principles of regenerative medicine and tissue...Read more

Oral Surgery

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Dental reconstruction/prosthodontics

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Air Abrasion

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Apex Resection

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Bone Graft

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Box Technique Jaw Restoration

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Braces

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Connective Tissue Grafting

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Cosmetic Dentistry

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Crown lengthening

Definition: a surgical dental procedure that exposes more of the tooth beneath the gumline in order to perform restorative or cosmetic procedures. There are several reasons why one might need crown lengthening: To restore a damaged tooth - especially if the damage is beneath the gumline; For...Read more

Cyst Operation

Definition: the removal of a pathological fluid-filled cavity that can form in several places in the mouth. There are several types of dental cysts: Periapical cyst - after the necrosis of pulp tissue inside a tooth that is left untreated, the infection spreads to the apex and the cyst develops;...Read more

Deep Cleaning

Definition: a procedure performed to treat gum and periodontal disease. It is usually performed when the pocket depth (the space between the gum and tooth) is of 4-5 mm or more. The deep cleaning procedure consists of scaling and root planing. How does it work? Firstly the doctor will numb the...Read more

Dental Bonding

Definition: the application of a tooth-coloured composite resin to discoloured or damaged teeth to correct some conditions and to provide a natural look. The procedure is used in case of: Discoloured teeth; Decayed teeth; Chipped or broken tooth; Teeth that are shorter than others; Irregularly...Read more

Dental Bridges

Definition: a combination of fixed dental devices used to cover one or more missing teeth giving them the appearance of natural ones. The bridges can be made of metal or porcelain. There are four types of dental bridges: Traditional dental bridges - consists of one or more pontics (the fake teeth...Read more

Dental Crowns

Definition: a fixed dental prosthetic device which covers a damaged tooth, or completely encircles an implant, giving it the appearance of a natural tooth. There are several reasons why you might need a dental crown: A broken or severely damaged tooth by decay; A cracked tooth (the crown will hold...Read more

Dental Fillings

Definition: a procedure that uses filling material to replace missing tooth structure. It is used to restore damaged teeth due to decay, cavities or small fractures. There are several filling materials: Amalgam filling - durable filling that lasts for 10 - 15 years and it’s usually recommended for...Read more

Dental Fillings (LED Composite per tooth)

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Dental Implants

Definition: An artificial substitute (usually titanium) for the tooth root that is surgically implanted into the jawbone. On top of which, a replacement tooth or bridge will be mounted. How does it work? There are two methods for dental implants: Endosteal implants - the titanium prosthesis is...Read more

Dental Veneers

Definition: a thin, custom-made layer of tooth-coloured porcelain or composite placed on the front of the teeth to correct some conditions and to provide a natural look. The procedure is used in case of: Discoloured teeth; Worn-down tooth; Chipped or broken tooth; Irregularly shaped teeth such as...Read more

Dentures

Definition: also referred to as false teeth - removable appliances made of acrylic, nylon or metal that replace missing teeth and surrounding tissue/structures. There are two types of dentures: Complete - the appliance replaces all your upper or lower teeth, and it can be: Conventional - the...Read more

Flap Operation

Definition: a surgical dental procedure performed by cutting the gum around the damaged tooth, lifting and folding it back, and making it possible to perform the necessary repairs on the root of the tooth and bone surrounding it. The procedure is used to treat tooth and bone damage due to...Read more

Flap with bone graft

Definition : a surgical procedure performed by placing a bone graft into the bone defects around the tooth, formed after a certain disease or trauma, and recreating the natural shape of the jaw by stimulating the body to generate new bone tissue. The bone graft can be from the patient’s own bone...Read more

Flap with Root Resection

Definition : a surgical procedure in which the oral surgeon removes one or two of a molar’s damaged roots, only if the remaining ones are stable enough to hold the entire tooth. It is done in order to preserve the rest of the healthy tooth. This procedure is performed on patients with severe root...Read more

Frenectomy

Definition: a surgical procedure performed to cut and remove the frenulum, a muscular attachment between two tissues, in cases when it causes pain or its function is decreased. There are three frena in the mouth: Upper labial frenulum - connects the inside of the upper lip with the center of the...Read more

Gingivectomy

Definition : a periodontal procedure that removes any excess of the gingiva (gum tissue), and gets rid of pockets. Pockets form when the gum is pulled away from the tooth it surrounds, making it difficult for the plaque to be removed, and are usually the result of poor oral hygiene. This creates...Read more

Gum Contouring

Definition: a surgical procedure performed in order to reshape and contour gum tissue that is uneven and/or covers too much of the teeth surface. The condition is sometimes referred to as “gummy smile”, and needs contouring not only for cosmetic purposes, but also for health reasons, as it is a...Read more

Inlay Onlay Restoration

Definition: a dental custom-made restoration method that consists of fitting and cementing a solid material (gold, porcelain or lab prepared composite resin) into the prepared cavity of a tooth that has been cracked, fractured or decayed. Inlay - used when the tooth structure that is damaged and...Read more

Invisible Aligners

Definition: a transparent custom-made orthodontic appliance that fits like a tray over the teeth and corrects misalignments. The clear (almost invisible) aligners work by the same principle as braces, moving your teeth gradually to the desired position. However the invisible aligners are only...Read more

Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (aka OMF) is a dental branch specializing in the surgical treatment of oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region related diseases and/or traumas. Surgeons or dentists treat patients of all ages, from newborns to elderly people, covering a wide variety of...Read more

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a branch of medical dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, correction or treatment of malocclusion and malposition of the teeth and jaws. The benefit of orthodontic treatment is not only to improve the aesthetic appearance, but also to correct the malposition of...Read more

Panoramic X Ray

Definition: a dental scan that uses very small doses of ionizing radiation to produce a two-dimensional image of the entire mouth, including the upper and lower jaw, the teeth and other surrounding structures. Even if the view is captured in half a circle (from one ear to the other), the Panoramic...Read more

Ridge Augmentation

Definition: a surgical procedure performed by placing a bone graft into the alveolar socket to help recreate the natural shape of the jaw and gums that might have been lost due to tooth extraction, bone loss (as a result of trauma or periodontitis) or other reasons. The procedure is usually done...Read more

Root Canal

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Sinus Lifting

Definition: a surgical procedure meant to add bone to the upper jaw (posterior maxilla) in the area of premolar and molar teeth, by lifting the sinus membrane and placing a bone graft. The procedure is usually done prior to dental implants, to the patients that don’t have enough bone height in the...Read more

Splinting

Definition: a periodontal procedure used to join together loose teeth. The teeth might become loose and mobile as a result of losing the supporting bone around them (due to periodontal disease), trauma, pathologic tooth migration (drifting teeth) and traumatic occlusion (heavy biting forces). How...Read more

Surgical excision of gingival enlargement

Gingival enlargement (often seen in gingival overgrowth, gingival hyperplasia, gingival hypertrophy or epulis - tumor of the gingival mucosa) is a condition marked by an increased size of gum tissue. The enlargement of the gum tissue can be caused by multiple factors, such as: Inflammatory...Read more

Teeth Whitening

Definition: a procedure that involves bleaching your teeth or restoring their natural teeth shade. How does it work? The restoration of the natural teeth shade is performed by removing “stains” (from food, drinks and tobacco) and tartar formed on the surface of your teeth. The whitening, on the...Read more

Tooth Extraction

Definition: a dental procedure that involves the removal of a tooth from its socket in the alveolar bone. There are several reasons for tooth extraction: A damaged tooth by decay that can’t be treated; A broken tooth; A loose tooth that can’t be fixed with bone graft (bone replacement surgery); A “...Read more

Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Definition: A dental surgical procedure that involves the removal of a wisdom tooth (the third molar) from its socket in the alveolar bone. The wisdom teeth usually grow through your gums at the age of 18-25, and sometimes even later. In some cases, because of the lack of space, considering that...Read more

Providers that provide Dentistry Service

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Medpark International Hospital
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83.36 2 Moldova
Pro Sano
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82.47 1 Moldova
Galaxia
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Baltean Crisdent
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